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What is it?
Jobs to be Done (JTBD) is a framework that focuses on understanding the specific tasks customers are trying to accomplish - their "jobs" - and how a product or service can be designed to fulfill these jobs. It emphasizes customer needs and behaviors over product features and specifications.
Jobs-To-Be-Done (JTBD) is a powerful framework that helps businesses understand the fundamental goal a customer wants to achieve when they "hire" a product or service. Introduced by Clayton Christensen in the 1990s, this concept revolves around the understanding that customers "hire" products or services to get a specific job done in their lives, rather than simply purchasing the product for its features or attributes. This approach shifts the focus from the product itself to the desired outcome, enabling businesses to develop offerings that satisfy those unmet needs in a more effective way.
To comprehend JTBD, it is essential to grasp a few key terminologies associated with this framework. Firstly, the "job" referred to in JTBD is not limited to a traditional employment task but encompasses a broader context. A job represents a desired outcome, a problem or need that customers seek to address or fulfill. For instance, a person buying a drill is not buying the drill itself, but rather the ability to create a hole in the wall. This perspective on customers' motivations brings clarity to product development, as businesses can align their efforts towards fulfilling the job and providing the desired outcome.
Secondly, the concept of a "switching trigger" is an integral part of JTBD. A switching trigger is an event or circumstance that prompts customers to seek alternatives or explore new solutions to satisfy their job. Identifying these triggers is crucial for startups and businesses, as it allows them to intervene at the right moment and fulfill the customer's unmet need. By understanding the switching triggers, businesses can proactively position themselves as the go-to solution, thereby gaining a competitive advantage.
Understanding the Jobs-To-Be-Done framework provides numerous benefits for startups and businesses. Firstly, it allows them to gain deep insights into the unmet needs and motivations of their target customers. By comprehending the customers' desired outcomes and the circumstances that drive them to search for solutions, businesses can tailor their offerings to address those specific job-related requirements. This customer-centric approach leads to products and services that excel at satisfying customers' needs, ultimately enhancing customer satisfaction and loyalty.
JTBD helps businesses differentiate themselves from competitors by redefining their value proposition. By focusing on fulfilling the job rather than competing on product features or price alone, businesses can create unique offerings that resonate with their target audience. This differentiation sets them apart in the market and increases their chances of success.
The understanding of JTBD can guide and drive innovation in product development and marketing strategies. By continuously exploring and identifying new jobs customers need to be done, businesses can stay ahead of the curve and proactively disrupt their own industry. This concept empowers startups and businesses to not only meet existing customer needs but also anticipate and create new ones, leading to sustainable growth and market leadership.
By shifting the focus from features to outcomes and understanding the jobs customers are trying to accomplish, businesses can effectively meet their customers' unmet needs and deliver superior value. This approach enables differentiation, drives innovation, and ultimately fosters long-term success in a competitive marketplace. So, start applying the JTBD framework to gain a deeper understanding of your customers and unlock new growth opportunities for your startup or business.
Thought Leaders on this
Anthony Ulwick, Clayton Christensen
Original Sources or Resources for Further Reading
Jobs To Be Done
More Reading & Deep Dives into Growth
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